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Angkor Wat, Cambodia
About Angkor WatComplex of Cambodia:
Inscribed as UNESCO World’s Heritage Site in 1992, Angkor Wat is one of the most significant and well- known archaeological sites in the world. The place is located in the Northern Province of Cambodia, Siem Reap. It covers a large area of around 40,100 hectares and contains several remarkable sites of Temple of Angkor Wat, the famous Bayon Temple, Preah Khan and Ta Prohm.
The most significant feature of each site in the Angkor Complex or Angkor Archaeological Park is its own set of sculptures, own style of art and unique features that make the site to contain one of the largest historical and religious artifact reserve of Southeast Asia. Most of the artifacts at the site represent the signs of the exceptional civilization of the people of Khmer Kingdom, hence famous as Khmer Art and Khmer Architecture.
About Angkor Wat:
This is one of the world’s largest architectural and religious monuments covering an area of around 162 hectares. The place was initially a Hindu temple but gradually became a Buddhist temple as the majority in the area changed. It was built by King of the Khmer Kingdom, Suryavarman II, as his state temple in the capital city Yasodharapura in the 12th century. Unlike the reasons of the creation of past temples in Cambodia, the creation of Angkor Wat temple was purely dedicated to Hindu God ‘Vishnu,’ the god of protection and preservation of good.
Architecture – Angkor Wat
Since it is established that the Angkor temple was of the high level of religious significance, the architecture of this building was a representation or rather, imitation of Mount Meru. The central towers of the temple exhibit five major peaks of the mountain and its walls and moats depict the mountain ranges and ocean surrounding Mount Meru. This is so because the mountain is famous as the ‘home of gods.’
Harmony in the architectural design of the temple shows the expertise and crafting skills of Khmer Kingdom architects and designers. In their landmark’s creation, they used a more advanced construction material – sandstone in the place of laterite. The architecture shows the use of more disciplined aesthetic sense of art and craft. The interior of the building, specifically, its walls are beautifully decorated as the depiction of religious entities in stone carvings. In fact, these carvings depicted entire episodes of Hindu religious happenings.
Interior Art of the temple – Angkor Wat
One of the mighty galleries of Angkor temple show stone carvings of the Battle of Lanka, the Battle of Kurukshetra from Mahabharata. Another gallery depicts the Churning of the Sea of Milk, and another shows the tale of Krishna’s victory over Bana. In short, all the stories engraved in the walls as stone-carvings, in this remarkable temple, exhibit exemplary stories from the lives of Ramayan and Vishnu, and other important tales from the history of Hindu religion such as fights between their gods and the evils.
The place is a major attraction of international tourists because of its historical and archaeological significance. Because of its deep roots in the history of Cambodia and its associated religion, the Angkor temple became the landmark of the country as well as a part of its flag. For the people having an intense passion for exploring history, The Angkor Complex of Cambodia is one of the highest ranked recommendations among foreign travelers.