Sitting on a “Ring of fire” of an edge to active tectonic plates, Ecuador is a land of volcanoes. The Galapagos Islands are volcanic islands on the offshore. Two parallel chains of Andes, cross Ecuador- north to south, giving rise to dramatic peaks. This corridor of summits is popularly referred as “Avenue of Volcanoes.” So, when booking your flying tickets, it’s worth going for the window seat, to the spectator the exhibition of the white cotton like snow, blanketing the volcanoes.
One of the most dramatically active volcanoes on our planet, Tungurahua, stands tall, southwards of Quito. It has been active since 1999, and the name stands for “Throat of Fire.”
So volcanic experiences here are bound to be fierce, filled with explosive adventures and unbelievably dramatic
Lava Plateaus along with shield volcanoes constitutes this set of secluded volcanoes roughly 1,200 km to the west side of Ecuador. It is driven by “The Galapagos hotspot.” One of the largest sections of this area, the largest of the islands- Isabela; comprises of 6 tightly packed shield volcanoes. Each of these volcanoes exhibits great summits.
Espanola( oldest island) and Fernandina (youngest island) to fall into the category of shield volcanoes. 60 eruptions have been recorded since 1835 when Charles Darwin made his famous visit by six shield Volcanoes. 21 Volcanoes are emergent, whereas at least 13 are considered as Active.
You should visit the following Galapagos Volcanoes if fiery adventure and thrill are what you seek:-
- Darwin Island- This volcano is extinct
- Fernandina- Last erupted in 2009
- Ecuador (volcano)- Last erupted in 1150
- Wolf Island- This volcano is extinct
- Roca Redonda- Not much known about this volcano
- Cerro Azul- Last erupted in 2008
- Wolf (volcano)- Last erupted in 2015
- Darwin (volcano)- Last erupted in 1813
- Alcedo- Last erupted in 1993
- Sierra Negra- Last erupted in 2005
- Santiago Island- Last erupted in 1906
- Pinta Island- Last erupted in 1928
- Marchena Island- Last erupted in 1991
- Santa Cruz Island- Not much is known about this volcano
- Floreana Island- This volcano is extinct
- Genovesa- Not much is known about this volcano
- San Cristobal Island- Not much is known about this volcano
The composition and textures of lava in Galapagos are stunningly similar to those of the Hawaiian Volcanoes.
The highest peak in Galapagos Island is on Isabela Island- Wolf Volcano. It is distinguishing soup-bowl in shape. Currently the most active of all of them is Cerro Azul, one of the shield volcanoes. Alcedo Volcano is considered as the mantle plume making it a hotspot. Fernandina Island also one of the youngest islands. It has been actively erupting since 2009. Sierra Negra along with its nearby volcanoes is currently layered by young lava. The distinctive feature here is that this volcano is shaped like an upturned soup-bowl. It also has the largest Caldera amongst the collective group of volcanoes of Galapagos. It also happens to be the shallowest amongst the lot. Sierra Negra is often referred as the Black Mountain.
Avenue of Volcanoes: Mountain peaks run downwards each side of this beautiful valley, that are dotted randomly with a set of dormant volcanoes. Small villages all through the valley, give this area, an old world charm.